Initiation of Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapy

Training Materials: 

Course Description

Course Name
Initiation of Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapy
Main Learning Objectives


  • Learn about the diagnosis of HIV infection in children;
  • Learn about the goal of ART;
  • Know criteria for starting ART in children;
  • Learn about ART management and follow-up for children;
  • Understand the issues and rationale for standardized ARV regimens in line with national and WHO protocols;
  • Learn about adherence monitoring;
  • Learn about pediatric ART in specific environments (orphanages, IDU families, migrant families, etc.);
  • Know criteria for discontinuing ART;
  • Know how to manage and treat HIV-related conditions in children;
  • Understand how to apply this knowledge in practical settings.
Key Topics


General principles of ART for children with HIV/AIDS; ART goals; child assessments and counseling for caregivers before ART is started; criteria for starting ART according to WHO protocols for European Region (2006); drug regimens and dosages; follow-up for children receiving ART; post-exposure prophylaxis.
Basis of Curriculum, Key Teaching Documents and Materials provided
  • WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care Protocols for European Region (2006);
  • Relevant national protocols and policies;
  • 2007 Medical Management of HIV Infection (ed. by John Bartlett and Joel Gallant);
  • Comprehensive set of course slides and handouts.

*All materials available printed or electronically in Russian and English

Teaching Methods Presentations, small group discussions, role-play, case studies, bed-side training.
Target Audience Pediatric ART care teams (pediatrician, nurse, social worker/ART aid).
Maximum class size: 18-24 participants.
Faculty Multidisciplinary, international and national.
Duration 5-day didactic/clinical course at a training facility affiliated with the site of clinical excellence.