Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Pediatric Issues

Course Description

Course Name
Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Pediatric Issues
Main Learning Objectives
  • Understand the core issues of diagnostics, treatment, and care for children born to HIV-infected women and children with HIV/AIDS. All training will be based on WHO’s strategy to prevent HIV infection among infants;
  • Study the interaction between different maternal and child healthcare services, HIV/AIDS prevention services, and services provided by nongovernmental organizations to infants exposed to HIV; and
  • Learn how to apply this knowledge in practical settings.
Key Topics Comprehensive WHO/UNICEF/UNAIDS approach to prevent HIV infection in infants and young children; the epidemiology of HIV infections; characteristics of the virus and the immune pathogenesis of the disease; clarification of the HIV status of children born to HIV-infected women; methods of diagnosing HIV infection; counseling during clarification of infection status of children born to HIV-infected women; outpatient follow-up to children born to HIV-infected women and children diagnosed with HIV/AIDS; vaccination of children born to HIV-infected women and children with HIV/AIDS; feeding HIV-infected children; assessment of the physical and neurological development of children with HIV/AIDS; classification of HIV infection in children (WHO protocols); clinical development of HIV-infection in children; antiretroviral therapy in children; Counseling while conducting antiretroviral therapy; opportunistic infections: clinical and diagnostic aspects, treatment, and prevention; prevention of occupational exposure to HIV; post-exposure prophylaxis; and WHO protocols (March 2004) and national recommendations on PMTCT, pediatric ART, and related issues.
Key Teaching Documents and Materials Provided
  • Strategic Framework to Prevent HIV Infection among Infants in Europe (WHO, UNICEF, UNAIDS, UNFPA, 2004);
  • WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care Protocols for European Region (2006);
  • Relevant national protocols and policies; and
  • Comprehensive set of course slides and handouts.

*Materials are available in Russian and English in both print and electronic formats

Teaching Methods Presentations, small-group discussions, role-play, case studies, clinical sessions, and site visits.
Target Audience Care teams (neonatologists, pediatricians, pediatric nurses, NGO reps) who provide care and treatment to infants exposed to HIV.
Maximum class size: 18-24 participants.
Faculty National.
Duration 5-day course.